Today, the world faces countless threats, one of which is oceanic pollution, which threatens the sustainability of the ecosystem. The situation is alarming since the constantly worsening condition of the water bodies can cause serious damage to human health. Sadly, human activities are the worst enemies of marine life. Their ruthless acts of throwing toxic chemicals, urban waste, plastic, metal, and other harmful material into the water are causes of water or oceanic pollution. The world needs to understand the importance of clean oceans and the positive effect of their existence on humans. Several reasons can state the significance of clean water on the planet.
Humans Need to Clean Oceans Instantly
It will not be wrong to say that there is more plastic present in the oceans than there are fish. To be exact, every year humans dump eight million metric tons of plastic into the water, reportedly. Plastic, trash, and all sorts of waste compromise marine life. The Pacific Ocean is among the biggest water bodies to contain a huge chunk of trash. Around 1.8 trillion pieces of junk cover the floor of the ocean. Considering the amount of beach trash, people don’t bother gaining knowledge about preventing the beaches from pollution. Today many beaches around the globe are notorious for filth destroying their beauty. The reason is the laundry which results in synthetic microfibers, turns into plasticized fibers that wash away into the water. Several more harmful reasons make the oceans deadly for underwater life.
Dead Zones Underwater
Scientific research over the years has revealed that certain oceans have an increased number of dead zones ratio. In 2004, researchers encountered and enlightened the world about low-oxygen areas of the oceans that can threaten the lives of fish and other marine creatures. As per their research and its outcomes, there was a total of 146 hypoxic zones (areas with very low oxygen levels. By 2008, the zones increased up to 405. Recently in 2017, the oceanographers discovered a zone with zero life presence as the area had no oxygen to support the sea life. in the Gulf of Mexico.
Compromised Source of Food for Bigger Fish
Noise Pollutions has also proven deadly for multiple species under the water. The invertebrates especially, experience cellular damage due to constantly increasing noise pollution caused by the huge ships. The invertebrates class includes the sea anemone and Jellyfish, which are believed to be the food source for other oceanic creatures like turtles and sharks. The decrease in the existence of this class affects the life of fish directly. Thus, having clean oceans is a must thing to do in order for the vast range for sea species to survive.
Oceans Keep Us Alive
Out of many reasons to clean oceans, one is quite promising. The oceans keep us alive and healthy. The big waterbodies produce half of the oxygen that humans breathe in. It also consumes Carbon Dioxide. To be exact, the consumption is more than 50 times as compared to the atmosphere. This simply proves that polluting oceanic life is hazardous for both marine and human life.
Other than that, the climatic changes are also under the control of oceans and seas in the world. The waters cover 70% surface of the land, transfers heat from the equator to the poles, and influence the weather changes. Polluted water on the other hand seemingly has adverse effects on the climate.
How To Keep the Oceans Clean?
Since oceans are the biggest ecosystem on the planet and support the life regulation on earth, it is quite clear that clean oceans will keep the land healthy and stable. Multiple methods can be applied in order to clean the polluted water.
Among the 7 seas and 5 oceans of the world, many waterbodies need protection from unwanted pollution. Firstly, the authorities of the world need to find alternatives for fossil fuel-based plastic.
Secondly, the governments should control the discharge of industrial waste into the water by stopping humans from hazardous actions. This will protect the already secured ocean waters and might reduce the pollution of the affected areas.